There are many chances that the thinning of old horses might happen towards the spring season. Losing weight is a gradual process and it has not got thin overnight. You might feel that your horse has become much thinner compared to the autumn season. There can be various reasons behind this and the horse might have maintained his body well on pasture but you cannot expect him to do the same with hay.
Determining the horses body condition
When it comes to feeding horse you must be sure about using its body condition score. The body condition score of the horse varies in the range of 1 to 9. Each range would contribute the different meanings such as 1 represent the condition of being emaciated and the last number 9 represents being obese. You should examine your horse and determine which category they fit well. You should maintain your horses at the level of 5 to 6 and this range is called average body condition. If your horse is the senior-most horse, then make sure that it falls between the category 5 and 6.
Maintaining your horse within this range would help them to preserve themselves from the cold or wet weather. Do not try to increase their weight above the specified range because the 7 or 8 ranges would bring them more complications and health issues. Health deterioration would be caused because of obesity and also carrying the extra weight would be harder for their feet, legs, and arthritic joints to handle. The obesity will also be a problem for the horse owner because it would push him/her into a difficult zone. If your horse has weak joints, then you can use the best horse joint supplement for the betterment of its joints.
The dietary factor which you need to observe to the far extends and be precise in supplying it is energy. You should cut down the feeding of too many calories because too many calories would make your horse gain weight. Feeding too low calories would also be a problem since he would lose much of his weight and this could be much uncomfortable to see. The diet factors that you need to look up would be difficult to determine. It is difficult to look at the horse and say whether his body is running out of copper or selenium. The first factor is about determining whether he is fat or thin which you can easily do just by seeing him and watching him closely.
Types of Feed
When it comes to feeding your senior horse, the feeds and supplements are categorized into two divisions. The first category is completely fed with the supplement and feed that consists of forage, grain, vitamins, and minerals. These are mixed up together and that mixture is packed in the form of a pellet. The size of the pellets is small so that it can be easily chewed, and swallowed. It is enough if you feed your horse only with this product that can completely make up its diet with essential nutrient supplements. It is also recommended to feed a small portion of hay along with these pellets. You must give the horse enough time for getting adapted to these products. You can feed them typically at the rate of 1.2-1.8% of body weight. These feed pellets are very high-intake products so that you can easily feed them in large amounts.
Many owners feed the horse feed products incorrectly considering the age factor that he is a senior horse. Usually, horse owners tend to treat it as a supplement rather feeding is in enough quantity. You can also feed your senior horse with feeds by adding additional hay cubes, or some hay or pasture, chopped hay, but you should know well how a specific product should be fed. Every product should be fed accordingly since they are all different with different composition. Certain feeds can be used to strengthen the joints. The older the horse grows the higher would be the joint pain. Giving best horse joint supplements would surely strengthen their joints and relieve them from pain. You can slightly treat your horse with the feed that you supply them.